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Marlborough

Summary    
City/Town Name:
Marlborough
State:
Connecticut
County:
Hartford County
Probate District:
14
Year Established:
1747
Year Incorporated:
1803
Form of Government:
Selectman - Town Meeting
Town Hall Address:
Town Hall
P.O. Box 29
Marlborough, CT 06447
(860) 295-6204
Web Address:
www.marlboroughct.com/

History Brief:
On 15 May 1736, fourteen subscribers from the towns of Glastonbury, Colchester and Hebron petitioned the General Assembly for winter privileges. They were not fully established as the Society of Marlborough until 1747. In 1803 Marlborough was incorporated as a town with land taken from the three towns. Town vital records begin 1803. Barbour collection records cover 1803-1852.

History Narrative:
A Look Back in Time
The heart of what is now Marlborough was the crossroads of two well-traveled routes. During colonial times, North and South Main Streets were known as Hockanum Path and Monhege Trail, and travelers used this route to go from Hartford to New London. Route 66 was a cart path that took farmers and their crops to Middletown for transport on the Connecticut River. Travelers found this crossroads to be an ideal place for rest, refreshment, and a change of horses. Both Sadlers Ordinary and the Tavern offered such a haven during this period.

The Birth of a Town
In 1747 William Buell and Joel Foote petitioned the Colonial Government to form an Ecclesiastical Society. Two years later, they began building the First Congregational Church. The Church was finished in 1803, and on October 13 of that year, The General Assembly incorporated a new town from parts of Glastonbury, Hebron, and Colchester. The name for this town was taken from Marlborough, a borough of Wilshire, England. In December of 1803, Marlborough’s first town meeting was held, and in March of 1804, the Selectman Committee met for the first time at the Tavern.

Marlborough as a Center of Industry
As Marlborough continued to grow, businessmen and manufacturers were attracted to its rich resources. During the mid-1800’s Marlborough experienced a dramatic boom of growth and prosperity due to the addition of a number of textile mills. By 1845, the population had risen to 832. However, it appeared this heyday was not meant to last. During the Civil War, the demand for cloth dropped severely, and several mills were forced to stop their production, while others burned down. By 1907, the mills were gone and Marlborough returned to its former roots as a sleepy farming town. In 1910, the population had dropped as low as 302 people. It seemed as if Marlborough had been forgotten by the rest of the State, and it remained that way for the next 50 years. However, despite these changes, the sense of community remained strong. Families were born, worked the land, lived their entire lives, and died in Marlborough.

The Rediscovery of Marlborough
In 1964, a new highway was opened, setting Marlborough on yet another course for change. With two exits in Marlborough, Route 2 paved the way for the town to be discovered once again. Young families who worked in Hartford, just like their colonial counterparts so many years ago, were captivated by the quiet beauty and simple life that Marlborough had to offer. It wasn’t long before many began calling it home. During the years that followed, Marlborough experienced another boom. Neighborhoods and developments sprang up, and the town saw a return of businesses, restaurants, shops, and even some industry. This period of growth continues to this very day. Curious travelers stop at our crossroads, discover all that this unique town has to offer, and decide to make Marlborough their home. Source: http://www.marlboroughct.net/content/AboutMarlborough02.htm
   
Other City Names (0)
No Data Available.
 
Settled From (3)
Town Name:Colchester
State:Connecticut
Country:USA

Town Name:Glastonbury
State:Connecticut
Country:USA

Town Name:Hebron
State:Connecticut
Country:USA
 
Population (19)
Year:1810
Population:720

Year:1820
Population:839

Year:1830
Population:704

Year:1840
Population:713

Year:1850
Population:832

Year:1860
Population:682

Year:1870
Population:476

Year:1880
Population:391

Year:1890
Population:582

Year:1900
Population:322

Year:1910
Population:302

Year:1920
Population:303

Year:1930
Population:319

Year:1940
Population:476

Year:1950
Population:901

Year:1960
Population:1961

Year:1970
Population:2991

Year:1990
Population:5535

Year:2000
Population:5709
 
Founding Families (4)
Surname:Bigelow (John and son David)

Surname:Epaphras Lord

Surname:Tristram Blish

Surname:William Buell (Captain & Deacon)
 
Cemeteries (4)
Name:Fawn Brook Cemetery
Location:South Main Street and Kellogg Road (slightly hidden)
Website:www.rootsweb.com/~ctcplain/marlborough/info.html#cemeteries

Name:Jones Hollow Cemetery
Location:West Road, about 1 mile before Hebron Town line
Website:www.rootsweb.com/~ctcplain/marlborough/info.html#cemeteries

Name:New Marlborough Cemetery
Location:East Hampton Road, 1/2 mile West of town center
Website:www.rootsweb.com/~ctcplain/marlborough/info.html#cemeteries

Name:Old Marlborough Cemetery
Location:South Main Street, near town center
Website:www.rootsweb.com/~ctcplain/marlborough/info.html#cemeteries
 
Churches (3)
Name:Fellowship Community Evangelical Free Church
Location:24 South Rd, Marlborough, CT 06447-1515
Website:www.marlboroughevangelicalfreechurch.com/

Name:Marlborough Congregational Church
Location:35 S Main St, Marlborough, CT 06447-1556
Website:(860) 295-9050

Name:Saint John Fisher Roman Catholic Church
Location:30 Jones Hollow Road, Marlborough, CT 06447
Website:www.stjfchurch.org
 
Monuments (0)
No Data Available.
 
Communities (0)
No Data Available.
 
Historical Locations (3)

Name:Marlborough Tavern
Location:3 E Hampton Rd, Marlborough, CT 06447 - (860) 295-8229

Name:Sadler's Ordinary Restaurant & Bakery
Location:61 N Main St, Marlborough, CT 06447 www.eatatsadlers.com
 
Notable Citizens (3)
Name:Elmer Theodore Thienes
Type:Historic

Name:Mary Hall
Type:Historic

Name:Vi Schwarzman
Type:Contemporary
 
Newspapers (2)
Name:Hebron & Marlborough Libe (860)953-0444
Type:Contemporary
Location:Life Publications 106 South St., W Hartford, CT 06110
Website:www.whitepublishing.com

Name:Journal Inquirer (860) 646-0500
Type:Contemporary
Location:306 Progress Dr., PO Box 510, Manchester, CT 06045
Website:www.journalingquier.com
 
Schools (3)
Name:Elmer Thienes-Mary Hall Elementary School
Type:Grammar/Elementary
Location:25 School Drive, Marlborough, CT 06447
Website:www.marlborough.k12.ct.us

Name:RHAM High School
Type:High School
Location:Hebron, CT
Website:www.rhamhs.reg8.k12.ct.us

Name:RHAM Middle School
Type:Middle School
Location:Hebron, CT
Website:www.rhamhs.reg8.k12.ct.us
 
Libraries (1)
Name:Richmond Memorial Library
Type:Current
Location:15 School Drive, Marlborough, CT
 
Published Histories (3)
Name:A history of education in a small New England town--Marlborough, Connecticut
Author:Janet Fowler
Date Published:1984
Publisher:I.N. Thut World Education Center, School of Education, University of Connecticut

Name:Reflections into Marlborough's History: The Biography of a Small Connecticut Town
Author:Romano G. Ghirlanda
Date Published:2007
Publisher:Self-Published (R.G. Ghirlanda)
Description:Histories of Marlborough, CT. Recollections from the descendants of founding families. Photos.

Name:Report of the Celebration of the Centennial of the Incorporation of the Town of Marlborough
Author:Mary Hall
Date Published:1904
Publisher:Hartford Press
Description:An excellent book describing the creation of the Town of Marlborough and the many different people who contributed to the creation of this town.
 
Genealogy Websites (3)
Website Name:CT GenWeb
Website Address:ctgenweb.org/county/cohartford/ctmarlborough/

Website Name:Marlborough Connecticut (CT) Census and detailed community profile
Website Address:www.americantowns.com/ct/marlborough-information

Website Name:Marlborough Connecticut GenWeb
Website Address:ctgenweb.org/county/cohartford/ctcmarlborough/
 
Historic Timeline (14)
Date:03/1804
Description:Selectman Committee met for the first time at the Tavern.
Source: www.marlboroughct.net/content/AboutMarlborough02.htm

Date:10/13/1803
Description:The Connecticut General Assembly incorporated Marlborough as a "distinct town" deriving its lands from Colchester, Hebron and Glastonbury. The name was taken from Marlborough, a borough in Wilshire, England.
Source: mba-ct.org/content/history.htm

Date:12/1803
Description:First town meeting held.
Source: www.marlboroughct.net/content/AboutMarlborough02.htm

Date:1648/1653
Description:Opening of Sadler's Ordinary Restaurant/Sadler's Ordinary, believed to have been built about 1653 near Lake Terramuggus, entertained travelers on the Path to Monhege between the Thames and Connecticut Rivers. Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marlborough,_Connecticut
Source: mba-ct.org/content/history.htm

Date:1747
Description:William Buell and Joel Foote petitioned the Colonial Government to form an Ecclesiastical Society.
Source: www.marlboroughct.net/content/AboutMarlborough02.htm
The colonial General Assembly designated this area an ecclesiastical society and named it Marlborough.
Source: mba-ct.org/content/history.htm

Date:1749
Description:Construction begins on the First Congregational Church.
Source: www.marlboroughct.net/content/AboutMarlborough02.htm

Date:1760
Description:The first schoolhouse here was built, a time when farms and sawmills flourished. Marlborough Tavern, still serving the public, opened its doors late in the colonial period.
Source: mba-ct.org/content/history.htm

Date:1800s
Description:Marborough experiences a dramatic boom of growth and propertity due to the addition of a number of textile mills.
Source: www.marlboroughct.net/content/AboutMarlborough02.htm

Date:1803
Description:Construction on the First Congregational Church was completed.
Source: www.marlboroughct.net/content/AboutMarlborough02.htm

Date:1845
Description:Population had risen to 832.
Source: www.marlboroughct.net/content/AboutMarlborough02.htm

Date:1882
Description:Mary Hall, of this town, an educator, became the first woman lawyer to be admitted to practice at the bar of Connecticut.
Source: mba-ct.org/content/history.htm

Date:1907
Description:Local industry, chiefly textiles, was spurred by the New London Turnpike during the nineteenth century, but vanished with the burning of the last mill.
Source: mba-ct.org/content/history.htm

Date:1910
Description:Due to the fact that by 1907 the mills were gone and Marlborough had returned to a sleepy farming town, the population had dropped as low as 302 people.
Source: www.marlboroughct.net/content/AboutMarlborough02.htm

Date:1964
Description:A new highway was opened setting Marlborough on yet another course for change. With 2 exits in Marlborough, Route 2 paved the way for the town to be discovered once again.
Source: www.marlboroughct.net/content/AboutMarlborough02.htm
 
Town Historian (1)
Name:Vi Schwarzman
Contact Data:860 295-6209
 
Vital Records (2)
Birth:1762-present
Marriage:1790-present
Death:1852-present

Birth:Marlborough: Town Clerk, (860) 295-6206
Marriage:Marlborough: Town Clerk, (860) 295-6206
Death:Marlborough: Town Clerk, (860) 295-6206
 





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